Ministry of Health & Family Welfare in
collaboration with Pubic Health Foundation of India (PHFI) and World
Health Organization (WHO) is organizing a National Consultation on
Smokeless Tobacco on April 4-5, 2011 at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi.
Secretary Health & Family Welfare, Govt of
India Sh. K. Chandramouli would inaugurate
the National Consultations on 4th April 2011. The primary
objective is to highlight current pattern and the burden of use of
smokeless tobacco in India, with a view to learn from global best
practices and find local solutions for regulation.
As per the recent Global Adult Tobacco
Survey (GATS) India Report, 2010, the current use of smokeless tobacco
among adult males in India is as high as 32.9% and for Females it is
18.4%. Overall, 26% of the adult population consumes smokeless
tobacco.The Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS)-India,
2009 similarly revealed that 12.5% (Boys = 16.2%, Girls = 7.2%) youth
use tobacco products other than cigarettes.
The GATS India Report notes that
Khaini is the most commonly used smokeless
tobacco product. Gutkha is the second most
common form. The consumption of smokeless tobacco in India is also
prevalent in use e.g. paan with tobacco,
paan masala with
tobacco, Gul, Mawa,
Gudakhu etc, which are used as dentifrice
i.e. for application on teeth or gums. Evidence shows that smokeless
tobacco contains more than 3000 chemical compounds of which 29 are
proven carcinogens i.e cancer causing
Given this scenario, prominent national
and international experts have been invited to deliberate on the
scientific evidences, while identifying the gaps in policy and capacity
for effective prevention and control of smokeless tobacco products both
globally and in India. The two day consultation with relevant
stakeholders is expected to bring out recommendations aiming at
strategies to regulate use of smokeless tobacco in India and south
east Asia region.
According to ICMR, 50% of cancers among
men and 25% among women in India are related to tobacco use. Nearly 90%
of oral cancers are related to use of chewing tobacco. States with high
prevalence of smokeless tobacco also face the challenge of high burden
of oral cancer. Besides oral cancer, smokeless tobacco use is also
associated with cancers of food pipe, pancreas, kidney throat and
stomach. There is also increased risk of death from cardiovascular
diseases among smokeless tobacco users.
Prevalence of Smokeless tobacco use is
high in North East region and states like Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa etc.
State-wise consumption of smokeless tobacco is as follows:
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