revolutionalized the way international trade is carried out across the
world. Today, nearly 90% of non-bulk-cargo world wide is moved by
containers stacked on transport ships. 26% of all container
transshipment is carried out in China.
Containers are built to standardized dimensions, and can be loaded and
unloaded, stacked, transported efficiently over long distances, and
transferred from one mode of transport to another—container ships, rail
and semi-trailer trucks—without being opened. Containerization has led
to greatly reduced transport costs and supported rapid increase in
India, has however, been slow in catching up with the container
revolution. Our biggest port – JNPT in the Mumbai harbour, ranks a
distant 26th in the list of largest container ports in the world.
The list of Top 20 container ports is as follows
Top 20 Container Ports in the World - 2010