The Government is
according high priority to soil testing and is providing assistance to
State Governments/ Union Territories for setting up soil testing
laboratories for augmenting existing capacity of States for soil testing
for issuing soil health cards to farmers. However, this requires efforts
by State Governments/ Union Territories in mobilizing technical man
power for soil testing and issuing soil health cards. About 4885.25 lakh
(provisional) soil health cards have been distributed to farmers up to
So far, 1049 soil testing laboratories have been set up in the country.
Imbalanced use of fertilizers, low addition of organic matter and
non-replacement of depleted micro and secondary nutrients over the
years, has resulted in nutrient deficiencies and decrease in soil
fertility in some parts of the country, particularly in intensively
cultivated Indo-Gangetic plains. However, balanced and judicious use of
fertilizers does not deteriorate soil health.
The measures taken by the Government to improve soil health include
promotion of soil test based balanced and judicious use of chemical
fertilizers, bio-fertilizers and locally available organic manures.
National Project on Management of Soil Health & Fertility (NPMSH&F) has
been introduced during 2008-09 to promote soil test based balanced and
judicious use of chemical fertilizers in conjunction with organic
Apart from the above, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)
also imparts training and organizes demonstrations to educate farmers on
This information was given by Shri Harish Rawat, Minister of State for
Agriculture and Food Processing Industries in written reply to a
question in the Rajya Sabha today.