Following is the text
of Smt. Jayanthi Natarajan, the Minister for Environment and Forest and
the CoP President’s, Summary Statement at the High Level Segment of
CoP-11, being held in Hyderabad, to the CBD following the Plenary and
Panel Discussions held on 17 – 18th October 2012:
“The High Level Segment (HLS) of the Eleventh Meeting of the Conference
of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CoP-11)
convened between 16-18 October 2012 witnessed active and stimulating
discussions on the four main themes of the HLS. Nearly, 120 Parties and
others made statements including Ministers and Heads of Delegation of
Parties, representatives of regional groups, International organizations
and Multi stakeholder groups including non-governmental organizations,
indigenous and local communities, women and youth have held active
discussions revolving around four issues and related matters.
On the theme of status of biological diversity, it was recognized that
biological loss led to livelihood loss resulting in persistence of
poverty. Parties indicated the progress made in achieving Aichi targets
through increase in the forests, coastal and marine protected areas.
They also outlined the threats faced by various ecosystems.
On the theme of activities relevant to the conservation and sustainable
use of biological diversity, participants noted the special programmes
and projects initiated at national, sub-national and regional level and
observed the need to document the wealth of traditional knowledge among
indigenous and local communities. In - country initiatives for
protection of biodiversity within a legal framework, development of
community oriented programmes and activities for awareness and capacity
building have been undertaken to educate stakeholders. There is a need
to undertake precautionary approach while adopting biotechnological
On the theme of implementation of the strategic plan on biodiversity,
the need to implement biodiversity activities at different levels of
governance within a country and the need to ensure substantial financial
resources from developed to developing countries, particularly Least
Developed Countries and Small Island Developing States and mobilization
of domestic resources were underlined. Countries indicated aligning
their national plans with Aichi targets and the need to conserve
biodiversity in the context of sustainable development and poverty
eradication. Gender equity was identified as a cross cutting issue in
biodiversity related efforts. Parties viewed that valuation of ecosystem
services is an important tool in mainstreaming the biodiversity
conservation, priorities in the programmes and activities.
On the theme of status on the ratification of Nagoya Protocol on access
to genetic resources and benefit sharing, participants urged greater
political commitment to expedite the process of ratification and the
need for new and additional financial resources and technical support
for capacity building initiatives, including innovative financing.
The four Panel discussions generated considerable interest. In the Panel
on implementation of the Strategic Plan on biodiversity 2011-2020,
mainstreaming of biodiversity into national policies, involvement of all
stakeholders for planning and implementation and support for development
of baseline data were emphasized. Substantial financial resources
through conventional mechanisms were required.
In the Panel on biodiversity for livelihoods and poverty reduction, the
need to integrate biodiversity with livelihood security conforming to
the principles of inter and intra generational equity and justice, and
right’s based approach was underlined. Parties agreed to continue
discussions related to ‘Biodiversity and Livelihoods’, and ‘Biodiversity
and Health’ and recommend concrete actions, considering the critical
linkages of biodiversity with livelihoods, health and poverty
In the Panel on coastal and marine biodiversity, the major challenges of
conservation such as over fishing, ocean acidification, sea bed mining
etc were mentioned and need to regulate such activities was underlined.
A differential approach was necessary to deal with artisanal and
commercial fishing. There was a suggestion to establish an International
Research Centre on Ocean and Marine Resources under the United Nations.
In the Panel on implementation of Nagoya Protocol and access to genetic
resources and benefit sharing, participants underlined the on-going
domestic preparatory process in their countries and the benefits such
ratification would bring, including addressing the issue of bio-piracy”.