It is indeed a pleasure
to be here in Kerala, God’s Own Country for the Viswa Malayala
Mahotsavam, the grand festival of Malayalam.
This is my first visit to Kerala after assuming the office of President.
I am extremely happy that this occasion affords me the opportunity to
meet a cross section of the vibrant literary and academic communities
present here today. It is also significant that this Festival is being
held on the 56th anniversary of the birth of Kerala, on the basis of
linguistic re-organisation on November 1, 1956.
I extend my warm greetings to you all - and through you, to the people
You will deliberate, over the next three days, on the significance,
current evolution and development as well as the future of Malayalam.
You will address shared concerns, and you will take initiatives based on
your collective sense of what needs to be done.
The canvas of Indian culture is a vast and unique kaleidoscope. It is
enriched by the heritage and cultural traditions of its constituent
societies. India’s ‘unity in diversity’ has always provided the space
that is required for their sustenance and growth. Within this happy
co-existence, Malayalam is the essence and embodiment of the rich
history, culture, art and heritage of the Malayali people.
The Viswa Malayala Mahotsavam-2012 that is being inaugurated today,
celebrates the language and unique cultural identity that is Malayalam.
On this occasion, we are also acknowledging Kerala’s unique and ancient
history. It has been a melting pot of cultures and races and linguistic
and religious influences.
The Sumerians, one of the earliest urban societies to emerge in the
world in Southern Mesopotamia more than 5000 years ago, knew Kerala as a
major spice trading centre. The Aitareya Aranyaka which belongs to the
Aitareya Shakha of the Rig Veda composed in the period between 1700-1100
BC is the earliest Sanskrit work that specifically mentions Kerala.
With regard to the language, Malayalam, carvings in the Edakkal Caves in
Wayanad provide evidence that the common people of Kerala were
expressing themselves in Malayalam at about the end of the 4th century
AD. The earliest known record in Malayalam is an inscription dated to
approximately 830 AD. The script, as Koleluttu or “Rod Script”, is
derived from the Grantha script, which in turn is derived from Brahmi.
Experts generally agree that Malayalam evolved either from a dialect of
Tamil or from the branch of the Proto-Dravidian language - from which
modern Tamil also evolved. They agree that Sanskrit words had influenced
Malayalam. It is recorded that although Tamil continued to be used as
the literary idiom for some time, eventually, the people’s language
prevailed in this region and Malayalam became the language of
communication for all purposes by the beginning of the early 9th century
AD. But Malayalam`s links to Tamil and Sanskrit have endowed it with a
number of unique characteristics still evident in the modern language.
Today, an estimated 35 million Malayalam speakers can be found around
the world, the majority of them concentrated in India.
The earliest literary work in the Malayalam language is said to be the "Ramacharitam"
(which translates literally to "Deeds of Rama"), an epic poem dating to
the 12th or 13th century.
In later centuries, a more comprehensive body of Malayalam literary work
began to emerge. Some well-known Malayalam language writers include the
classical poets Thunchath Ezhuthachan and Kunjan Nambiar as well as
Kumaran Asan of modern period and the novelists C.V. Raman Pillai,
Chandu Menon, Vaikom Muhammad Basheer and Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai.
The latter’s works brilliantly portrayed Kerala society and events. At
the same time, there was an equal interest in literary works of other
languages. The epic, ‘Vyasa Mahabharatham’ was first translated into
Malayalam. Not to forget, every major Bengali work of literature has
been translated into Malayalam.
Malayalam being one of the most evolved languages of our country, it is
but natural that many of the greatest literateurs of our times are
Malayalis. Starting with G. Sankara Kurup, the recipient of the first
‘Jnanpith Award’, contemporary Malayalam writers have set high
standards. I am delighted to know we have with us today two ‘Jnanpith
Award’ winners, Shri M.T. Vasudevan Nair and Shri O.N.V. Kurup.
A language, however much it may be enriched with traditional values and
heritage, would loose its relevance and popularity if it did not evolve.
It is therefore necessary, while safeguarding our cherished languages,
to promote them through all the modern means at our disposal today –
while at the same time, taking care to nurture their uniqueness. A
language that is ill equipped to meet the requirements of the new
generation, cannot be safe in its hands. This Mahostavam will, no doubt,
address such issues.
I understand a new Malayalam University will start functioning from
November 1, 2012 at Tirur and will be dedicated to the study of
Malayalam linguistics, literature, performing arts, visual arts and
architecture, cultural anthropology and cultural and intellectual
heritage studies among others. I have no doubt that the research and
activities in this University will positively impact the preservation
and propagation of Malayalam.
I see the Viswa Malayala Mahostavam as a very timely initiative in this
context. Kerala is rightly referred to as a land blessed with the
bounties of nature and a people who have proven themselves to be at the
forefront of social and educational reforms.
This is the first state in the country to attain cent percent literacy.
With the development of Malayalam, a ‘Keralite’ identity has evolved
while simultaneously remaining open, tolerant and hospitable to new
elements and influences.
For Malayalis within the state - and more than 30 lakh who are spread
across the world, I am sure that this sammelan will provide a platform
to share experiences, hopes and aspirations.
You will, no doubt, use this occasion to set the agenda and the goals to
be achieved through this platform. I once again wish you all a very
purposeful sammelan and look forward to hearing of its successful
With these words, I inaugurate the Viswa Malayala Mahotsavam-2012.