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HEALTH & FAMILY WELFARE

Licensed Pharmacies Under Ayush as on 1.4.2011

New Delhi: November 22,2012

There were 8896 AYUSH drug manufacturing units (licensed pharmacies) in the country as on 1.4.2011. Out of these, 99.6% licensed pharmacies were controlled by non-government bodies and only 0.4% pharmacies were in Government sector. System-wise distribution of these units were quite uneven as 86.5% licensed pharmacies belonged to Ayurveda, whereas 4.9%, 3.9% and 4.7% were under Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy systems respectively.

As on 1.4.2011, there were 28 states and union territories which have AYUSH licensed pharmacies. No AYUSH drug manufacturing unit have been reported in the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, and in Union Territories of Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep. Uttar Pradesh has the Maximum number 2069 of AYUSH licensed pharmacies. The states of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh each were having more than 5% of AYUSH licensed pharmacies. Maximum number of Ayurveda and Unani pharmacies, viz., 1796 and 237 respectively existed in Uttar Pradesh. Licensed pharmacies under Siddha systems existed in the states of Tamil Nadu 332, Puducherry 10 and Kerala 4. A majority of Homoeopathy licensed pharmacies 25.36% existed in the state of West Bengal. The States/ UTs of Arunachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep reported to have no licensed pharmacy under any AYUSH system. Besides, there was no Ayurveda licensed pharmacy in Nagaland, and no Homoeopathy licensed pharmacy in Chhattisgarh, Goa, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tripura, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Chandigarh, Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu. Unani licensed pharmacies existed in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal. Except Meghalaya and seven states mentioned above which had no AYUSH pharmacy, rest of the states have pharmacies with Good Manufacturing Practices. Out of all drug manufacturing units, GMP-compliant units comprised 66.8% of the total drug manufacturing units, and within the total GMP-compliant units, 92.0% were Ayurveda drug manufacturing units and only 3.%, 3.5% and 1.5% were Homoeopathy, Unani and Siddha drug manufacturing units respectively. The States/UTs having cent percent GMP-compliant drug manufacturing units were Delhi, Goa, Nagaland, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Chandigarh, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Jammu & Kashmir, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu.

During 1992-2011, the variation in distribution of licensed pharmacies under various systems of AYUSH has been observed. The proportion of Ayurveda licensed pharmacies increased from 80.8% in 1992 to 86.5% in 2011, whereas, proportions of Siddha and Homoeopathy 169 licensed pharmacies decreased from 4.6% and 9.9% in 1992 to 3.9% and 4.7% in 2011 respectively. A trend of 0.1% per annum has been observed in the number of licensed pharmacies under AYUSH systems during the period 1992-2011. An average annual growth rate of 0.5% was realized in Ayurveda pharmacies and in Unani is 0.3%, whereas, Siddha and Homoeopathy pharmacies declined at average annual rates of 0.8% and 4.0% respectively. During 2010-11, the annual growth rate of AYUSH pharmacy industry has shown 2.9%. The annual growth rates of 2010-11 in Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy pharmacies have been observed to be 2.7%, 5.6%, 2.4 and 4.0% respectively.

BN/HB/AS
(Release ID :89188

 
PIB Release/DL/1062

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