Gross-Non-Performing Assets (NPAs) of Public Sector Banks (PSBs) was Rs.
1,12,489 crore as at end March, 2012 and Rs. 1,43,765 crore as at end
The Gross NPAs (GNPAs) of State Bank of India was 33.0% and 31.9% of the
GNPAs of PSBs as at end of March, 2012 and September, 2012 respectively.
To improve the health of financial sector, to reduce the NPAs, to
improve asset quality of banks and to prevent slippages, Reserve Bank of
India (RBI) has issued instructions that each bank is required to have a
loan recovery policy which sets down the manner of recovery of dues,
targeted level of reduction (period-wise), norms for permitted
sacrifice/waiver, factors to be taken into account before considering
waivers, decision levels, reporting to higher authorities and monitoring
of write-off/waiver cases.
Banks are required to monitor their NPAs and take steps to bring them
down through recovery/other channels. Reserve Bank of India also
monitors the NPA levels in banks. This aspect is reviewed during Annual
Financial Inspections of banks and monitored on an ongoing basis through
regulatory returns submitted by banks and periodical meetings with
The Government has advised Public Sector Banks to take a number of new
initiatives to increase the pace of recovery and manage NPAs, which
include appointment of Nodal officers for recovery, to conduct special
drives for recovery of loss assets, to put in place early warning
system, to replace system of post dated cheques with Electronic
Clearance System (ECS).
This was stated by the Minister of State for Finance, Shri Namo Narain
Meena in written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha today.
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