Working Subgroup on
Plant Protection, Planning Commission in 2001 has assessed that on an
average 18% of the crop yield is lost due to pests.
Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Agriculture & Cooperation (DAC)
is implementing a scheme “Strengthening and Modernization of Pest
Management Approach in India” since 1991-92 by adopting Integrated Pest
Management (IPM) as cardinal principle and main plank of plant
protection strategy in overall crop production programme. Under the
ambit of IPM Programme, the Government has established 31 Central IPM
Centres in 28 States and one Union Territory.
Under the Human Resource Development (HRD) programme of IPM, Farmers
Field Schools, long and short duration training programmes are being
organised to empower farmers and State extension functionaries about IPM.
Pest Management strategies including cultural, mechanical, biological
and chemical control as the last resort are being popularized under IPM
scheme among the farming community.
Pest and disease surveillance and monitoring programmes are undertaken
to forewarn likely pest and disease build up in different crops. Farmers
are being motivated to adopt seed treatment as a preventive measure for
pest management in different crops.
This information was given by Shri Tariq Anwar, Minister of State for
Agriculture and Food Processing Industries in written reply to a
question in the Lok Sabha today.