As per Census 2011, the
child sex ratio (0-6 years) has declined from 927 females per thousand
males in 2001 to 914 females per 1000 males in 2011.
The State/UT Government have the key responsibility to effectively
implement the PC & PNDT Act. Government of India on its part, is
committed to strengthen effective implementation of the PC & PNDT Act to
address the declining child sex ratio in the country and has been
providing technical, financial and IEC support to the States. Further
Government has been regularly monitoring the progress of implementation
of the Act.
As an outcome of increased efforts by the Government, Quarterly Progress
Reports are now reflecting an improved compliance of the provisions of
the Act by States/ UTs. So far, a total of 556 cases have been
registered against violation of the PC & PNDT Act in last two years as
against only 739 cases between 1995 and 2010. There are 111 convictions
secured so far and medical license of 33 convicted doctors have been
suspended by respective State Medical Councils.
The measures include the following:
1. Regular meetings of Central Supervisory Board and other statutory
bodies under the PC & PNDT Act
2. Scaling up of inspections of ultrasound facilities by the by National
and State Inspection Committees and action against violations of the Act
3. Comprehensive awareness generation activities through print and
electronic media, community mobilization by Non Governmental
Organizations, involvement of religious leaders, women achievers etc in
the campaign against discrimination of the girl child.
4. The Government is rendering financial support to the States and UTs
for Information, Education and Communication campaigns and for
strengthening structure for the implementation of the Act under the
National Rural Health Mission.
5. Sex Ratio to ascertain the causes, plan appropriate Behaviour Change
Communication campaigns and effectively implementation provision of the
PC & PNDT Act.
Government of India accords high priority to the issue of missing
children on account of sex determination and will continue to implement
a multi-pronged strategy to curb female foeticide in the country. The
steps include awareness generation and legislative measures as well as
programmes for socio-economic empowerment of women. The Government will
continue to take necessary steps for effective implementation of the PC
& PNDT Act with the co-operation of the states.
This information was given by Minister for Health & Family Welfare Shri
Ghulam Nabi Azad in written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha