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HEALTH & FAMILY WELFARE

43,500 Health Infrastructures Created - Azad

New Delhi: December 18,2012

To improve health infrastructure, a total of 43,500 works, 22150 new and 21,350 up-gradation and renovation have been taken up. Addition of 1.6 lakh human resources such as Specialists, Doctors, Nurses, AMNs and Para-medics has been made. Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad said in New Delhi today.

Addressing the inaugural programme of the 9th India Health Summit of the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), Shri Azad said there have been significant falls in MMR, IMR and TFR as well as reduction in new HIV cases by as much as 57%. To meet the public health challenges, Department of Health Research and ICMR have developed indigenous reagents for testing for JE and dengue. Sixteen new, consisting of 14 BSL II and 2 BSL III laboratories, have been established for working on TB and viral diseases. One BSL IV has also been established at Pune. ICMR is currently working on 75 leads of potential public health importance for development and evaluation of affordable diagnostics including indigenously developed tests for diabetes. Since the launch of National Rural Health Mission 7 years ago, substantial progress has been achieved in health sector. Nearly Rs. 90,000 crores has been provided to States/UTs for providing healthcare facilities to the people. Over 8,60,000 Community Health Workers called ASHAs have been appointed to act as bridge between the communities and the health facilities in the villages. A Mother and Child Tracking System (MCTS) have been put in place to reach out to every pregnant woman for proper care during pregnancy and to every child for proper vaccination. Information has been collected to track every mother and child by name, address and telephone numbers to verify the data and inform the women of the check-ups and immunization schedule.

He said that ever since UPA II came to power at the Centre in 2009, the availability of MBBS seats has gone up by 40% and the number of PG seats by 80%. To overcome the shortage of Nurses and ANMs, 269 nursing schools have been sanctioned. With an estimated outlay of Rs. 2,030 crores, these institutions will give an additional 20,000 nurses annually. To scale up the availability of para-medics through centres of excellence in para-medical education, National Institute of Paramedical Sciences at Delhi and 8 Regional Institutes have been sanctioned. A total of 10,760 paramedic professionals are expected to be trained annually when these institutes of excellence are fully functional.

Shri Azad said the Indian healthcare industry, valued at US$ 65 billion, is growing exponentially and is expected to reach US$ 100 billion by 2015. However, Indian healthcare expenditure is still amongst the lowest globally and there are multiple challenges to be addressed both in terms of accessibility and affordability of healthcare and quality of such care for all our people. India is faced with the triple burden of the persistence of communicable diseases, new and re-emerging infections and the increasing incidence of non-communicable diseases. The Health Ministry has undertaken various measures in the form of National Health Programmes and specific projects for the detection, prevention, control and treatment of both Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases. To tackle the growing burden of non-communicable diseases, a national programme has been initiated in 100 districts in 21 States for screening of persons above 30 years and pregnant mothers for diabetes, hypertension and also cancer; oral, cervical, breast cancer.

He said that Public Health Systems must be strengthened at all levels focusing on primary and secondary care. This could be supplemented through private sector participation. But private hospitals are concentrated in urban centres only. A vast majority of the population, living in remote rural areas, have no access to such facilities and cannot afford them. The 3rd option is to provide efficient and affordable health care, which is the PPP model, very much in vogue internationally as well as domestically. Public Private Partnership (PPP) is an efficient and practical way of filling in the gaps in service delivery for optimal utilization of resources. Another area where we can have very strong public and private partnerships is medical education. While the path breaking initiatives taken by the Ministry in the last 4 years has increased PG seats by almost 80% and UG seats by nearly 40%, there is a huge gap in supply and demand, which can be met by establishing more medical colleges. The Report on Healthcare in India: The Road Ahead : has tapped into expertise from across sectors - both private and public, doctors, nurses and administrators, Indian companies and private sectors, central and state governments to learn from the past and help in charting the future course. He congratulated Mckinsey & Company and the Confederation of Indian Industries for this informative attempt at a review of the past and an indicative guide for the future.

Shri Azad also released the Report on Healthcare in India “The Road Ahead” on the occasion.

 
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