This is an era of ‘Partivartan’ – time for some revolutionary changes!
Our Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi has started campaigning for a
multicolour revolution referring to a second green revolution with
protein-rich pulses, a white revolution with cattle and livestock, a
saffron ‘energy’ revolution with solar energy, and a blue revolution on
clean water and the welfare of the fishermen. Among these, Green and
White Revolution have already influenced the live of the Indian to a
great extent. As far as food security is concerned, India cannot
compromise on food self-sufficiency and there has to be a number of
short-term as well as long-term initiatives to be taken. Shri Modi’s
attention to the sufferings of farmers during election campaign has
raised a lot of hope among the under-privileged community.
Green Revolution was aimed to increase the production of food-grains
that resulted in a drastic reduction in imports. Because of this Green
Revolution we are now self-sufficient in food-grains and have sufficient
stock in the central pool and sometimes in a position to export
food-grains also. Green Revolution brought a large scale farm
mechanisation which created demand for different types of machines and
requisite for chemical fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides, weedicides,
etc. also increased considerable. Subsequently, an agro based industry
has come up creating a large number of employments in the country.
It seems that North Eat, though rich in natural resources, has lagged
behind since Independence. Prime Minister said that the second Green
Revolution should start from the East and if that happens, it will begin
from Assam. Accordingly, the Ministry of Agriculture has included Assam
in the list of eastern states to be covered by the second Green
Revolution. Among the eastern states, Assam has received the best
performance award for National Food Security Mission (NFSM) – rice in 13
NFSM districts. The mission aims to increase the production and
productivity of rice.
With so much water, fertile land and hardworking farmers North East has
the potential to contribute immensely in achieving the target of
doubling the farmers’ income by the year 2022. As the Prime Minister
laid the foundation stone of Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI)
in Gogamukh, Assam, it can be expected that it will impact the entire
region in a positive way and agriculture needs will be developed in line
with the requirements of the 21st century. Farmers will get benefitted
from the changing technology as well.
The North East can excel in the field of organic farming as well.
Diverse agro-climatic conditions, varied soil types and abundant
rainfall have endowed the region with promising horticulture and value
added products that can be marketed within the country and abroad. The
diverse agro-climatic situations in the region offer excellent scope for
growing different horticultural crop groups like fruits, vegetables,
spices, medicinal and aromatic plants. A wide range of tropical,
sub-tropical and temperate fruits such as lemon, mandarin, pineapple,
passion fruit, banana, ginger, turmeric, and vegetables, both indigenous
and exotic, are grown in the region. In terms of its contribution to the
national production, the region accounts for about 5.1% (fruits) and
4.5% for vegetables.
Moreover, a unique advantage the region has that it is gifted with
suitable agro climatic condition very different from rest of country due
to its climatic diversity, meandering altitudes and production of varied
crop groups. In fact, the uniqueness of North Eastern market is that one
can enjoy fresh off-season crop groups in one state from the
neighbouring states where its season has just started due to this
White Revolution is the concerted efforts on a cooperative level to
increase milk supply through which Indian Dairy Industry has grown to
the extent that milk output has not only toped the world, but also
represents sustained growth in the availability of milk and milk
products. The dairy sector is now the largest contributor in the
agricultural sector to the nation’s GDP.
National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) formed in 1965 to promote, plan
and organise dairy development through cooperatives launched Operation
Flood in 1970 which is considered to be the world’s largest dairy
development programme. Under this programme professionals were employed
for marketing and application, and science and technology to link the
rural producers with urban consumers.
But if we talk about North East India, consumption of milk and milk
products is much lower due to divergent food habit and less availability
of milk. Assam is the largest producer of milk followed by Tripura. In
recent times a notable increase in milk production is seen in Tripura
mainly due to improvement in milk breed. Prompt financial assistance
from government and constructive motivation in form of training
engrossed the state to become successful in this field.
The country’s market leader, Amul, has started operations in the state
giving a tough competition to the West Assam Milk Producers’ Cooperative
Union Limited (Wamul) that sells its products under the brand name
Purabi, which has become a household name and has met with some success
in recent years. According to Economic Survey of Assam, the Dairy
Development Department has been focussing on increasing milk production
as well as creating processing facilities for economic uplift of rural
To make the country self-reliant in agriculture and food security,
instead of providing a particular amount of food grains every month, the
focus should be on making the villages take care of their own needs
which may help in removing hunger in the long term. Strategic planning
and implementation is necessary to develop agriculture and make region
marginally, if not significantly, surplus in food production by
integrating research, extension and education duly supported by a time
bound reforms in land tenure system in each state.