|Agriculture and Food Management
Reforms: Managing and reducing the various risks in agriculture
activities can make the sector resilient, increase profitability and can
ensure stable income flows to the farmers. The following reforms are
suggested for increasing productivity in agriculture and allied sector:
· To address the price risks in agriculture and allied sectors,
marketing infrastructure along the entire value chain needs to be built
· To address production risks, the share of irrigated area should be
expanded by increasing the coverage of water saving irrigation systems
like micro irrigation systems.
· To increase productivity of crops, standards should be set and
enforced for better quality, pest and disease resistant seeds.
· Trade and domestic policy changes should be announced well before
sowing and should stay till arrivals and procurement is over.
· To enhance women’s involvement in the dairy projects, funds should be
earmarked through appropriate mechanisms.
· Providing timely and affordable formal and institutional credit to the
small and marginal farmers is the key to inclusive growth.
· Regime based on timely interventions needs to be adopted.
Industry and Infrastructure
· Railways should go for more non-fare sources along with station
redevelopment and commercially exploiting vacant buildings at the
station, monetizing land along tracks by leasing out to promote
horticulture and tree plantation, and through advertisement and parcel
· During the last few years the non-major ports are gaining more share
of cargo handling compared to major ports. It is required to develop
non-major port and also enhance their efficiency and operational
· Reforms such as privatization/ disinvestment of Air India, creation of
aviation hubs and reconsidering the 0/20 rule are some suggestions to
improve Indian airlines’ share in the international market.
Social Infrastructure, Employment and Human Development
· India, is emerging as a knowledge based economy, poised for double
digit growth, and needs to strengthen social infrastructure by investing
in health and education.
· The education policies need to be designed with focus on learning
outcomes and remedial education with interventions which work and
maximize the efficiency of expenditure. There is need for bio-metric
attendance of school staff, independent setting of examination papers,
neutral examination and for DBT for schools. There is need to adopt
outcome measures for the education and skilling activities to ensure
improvement in delivery of schemes/ programmes.
· In order to make the labour market system dynamic and efficient, the
government has taken several reforms/initiatives, both legislative as
well as technological such as notification of ‘Ease of Compliance to
maintain Registers under various Laws Rules, 2017’ and introduction of
e-Biz Portal. These registers/forms can also be maintained in a
· Government has been imparting short term skill training through
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) and long term training
through Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs). Model Skill Centers are
being set up in every district of the country under Pradhan Mantri
Kaushal Kendra Scheme. The emphasis is on enhancing the quality of skill
training programmes and making a competency-based framework with giving
individuals an option to progress through education, training, prior
learning and experiences.
· There has to be concerted efforts by the Central and State governments
to reform the health sector, by addressing quality issues, standardising
rates for diagnostic tests, generating awareness about alternative
health systems and introduction of punitive measures like fines on
hospitals and private health providers for false claims through surgery,
medicines etc. For more equitable access to health services, government
should provide health benefits and risk cover to poorer sections of the
· Towards addressing the challenges in health sector, the Government has
formulated the National Health Policy, 2017, which aims at attaining the
highest level of good health and well-being, through a preventive and
promotive health care orientation in all developmental policies, and
universal access to good quality health care services, without anyone
having to face financial hardship as a consequence.
· Addressing the social security of large number of vulnerable workers
in the informal economy should be prioritized by the Government along
with ensuring the safety and security of women to raise their
participation in economic activities.