1. In this Basant season of renewal and resurgence, I welcome you all to
this Joint Session of both Houses of Parliament. This is a historic
session heralding the advancement of the Budget cycle and merger of the
Railway Budget with the General Budget for the first time in independent
India. We gather once again to celebrate democracy, a cherished value
and culture that has prospered throughout the long history of our
nation. Indeed, a culture that guides my government towards Sabka Saath,
2. The ideal of saha na vavatu, saha nau bhunaktu - May we be protected
together and blessed together with bliss - has inspired our civilisation
from time immemorial. This year marks the 350th birth anniversary of the
great Sikh Guru - Guru Gobind Singhji. We are also observing the one
thousandth birth anniversary of the great saint-philosopher
Ramanujacharya. The luminous path of social transformation and reform
shown by them serves as a beacon for all, and is an inspiration to my
3. This year marks the Centenary year of Champaran Satyagraha, which
gave a new direction to our freedom struggle and channelised janashakti
in the fight against colonial power. Mahatma Gandhi's ideals of
Satyagraha instilled in every Indian an indomitable self-belief, and
spirit of sacrifice for the larger good. This janashakti is today our
4. The resilience and forbearance demonstrated by our countrymen,
particularly the poor, recently in the fight against black money and
corruption, is remarkable. The same spirit has driven the LPG ''Give It
Up Campaign." Over 1.2 crore consumers have voluntarily given up their
LPG subsidy, which has helped the underprivileged in accessing LPG
connections. This janashakti has transformed Swachh Bharat Mission into
a jan-andolan. 1.4 lakh villages, over 450 cities, 77 districts and 3
states have declared themselves Open Defecation Free. My government
salutes the strength of janashakti and pledges to constructively utilise
it in Rashtra Nirman.
5. At the core of all my Government's policies is the welfare of the
garib, dalit, peedit, shoshit, vanchit, kisan, shramik and yuva. My
government is guided by the Antyodaya philosophy of Pandit Deendayal
Upadhyaya. His centenary year is being observed as Garib Kalyan Varsh.
6. Financial inclusion is key to poverty alleviation. An unprecedented
26 crore plus Jan Dhan accounts have been opened for the unbanked. Over
20 crore RUPAY debit cards have been issued to enable cashless payments.
Moving swiftly from “Jan Dhan to Jan Suraksha” close to 13 crore poor
have been covered under various social security schemes.
7. To take the banking system to the doorstep of the poor and the
unbanked, the Indian Postal Payment Bank has been started. The postal
network with wider reach and deep penetration of over 1.5 lakh post
offices will also function as postal banks. Besides the over 1 lakh
bank-mitras appointed by banks, over 2.5 lakh Gram-Dak-Sewaks will also
function as banking correspondents.
8. Over Rs 2 Lakh Crore has been provided through 5.6 crore loans
sanctioned under Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana to ensure collateral-free
bank financing for the unfunded, and to promote small businesses.
Seventy percent of this has been availed of by women entrepreneurs.
9. Under the Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana, which aims to empower women,
particularly from the deprived sections, over Rs. Sixteen Thousand crore
have been made available to Self Help Groups in the current Financial
Year. The scheme aims to reach out to nearly 5 crore women soon.
10. My Government has taken many initiatives to improve the quality of
life of the poor through assured housing, affordable healthcare, safe
drinking water and sanitation, and access to clean energy.
11. My Government is committed to provide shelter to every houseless
poor household through the Pradhan Mantri Aawas Yojana with appropriate
interest subvention on housing credit.
12. Poor sanitation further weakens the economic wherewithal of a poor
household. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan aims to ensure health and sanitation,
particularly for the poor. Under this mission, more than 3 crore toilets
have been constructed.
13. The Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana will make clean energy accessible
to the poor. This scheme aims to safeguard the health of women and
children by providing them with a clean cooking fuel – LPG, liberating
them from the ill-effects of smoky kitchens, and long hours of
collecting firewood. Free gas connections are being provided to 5 crore
poor households. Already 1.5 crore connections have been provided in the
current financial year. It is noteworthy that 37 percent of the Ujjwala
beneficiaries belong to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
14. Under Deen Dayal Upadhayay Gram Jyoti Yojana, out of the over 18,000
villages which have been in darkness since independence, over 11,000
have been electrified in a record time. Under UJALA (Unnat Jyoti by
Affordable LEDs for All) programme, over 20 crore LED bulbs have been
distributed, resulting in savings of more than Rs. Ten thousand crore in
the electricity bills of consumers, majority of whom are poor.
15. Several steps have been taken to make healthcare affordable and
accessible to every citizen of our country, particularly the poor.
Mission Indradhanush commits to vaccinate “every child everywhere”
against preventable diseases. It has so far benefited 55 lakh children.
Pradhan Mantri Bharatiya Jan Aushadi Pariyojana has been launched to
ensure that the poor have access to quality medicines at affordable
prices. Special facilities created to control the endemic Japanese
encephalitis have yielded encouraging results in significantly reducing
mortality due to this disease.
16. In Kisan's welfare lies the nation's prosperity. A favourable
monsoon after consecutive years of drought, supplemented by
farmer-oriented schemes has increased the acreage and yield of most
Kharif crops. The sown area in the current Rabi season has shown six
percent increase in comparison to last year.
17. My Government has taken various steps to transform the lives of our
farmers. Focus has been on holistic development of agriculture sector -
making available affordable credit, ensuring assured supply of seeds and
fertilizers, improving irrigation facilities, comprehensive risk
coverage, improving productivity through Soil Health Cards, assured
market and remunerative prices for the produce through e-NAM (National
18. Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana expanded the ambit of
risk-coverage, doubled the sum insured, and facilitated lowest-ever
premium for the farmers. During Kharif 2016, around 3.66 crore farmers
were insured for a sum of Rs. 1.4 lakh crore.
19. With the objective of digitisation of all the live Kisan Credit
Cards, another three crore cards will be converted into RUPAY debit
cards soon. The corpus of NABARD fund has been doubled to Rs. Forty One
Thousand crore to ensure easy credit access to farmers.
20. With focus on Per Drop More Crop and “Har Khet ko Pani”, coverage
under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana has been expanded. More
than 12.7 lakh hectares have been brought under micro irrigation in the
last two years.
21. Honourable Members may recall that soaring prices of pulses was a
matter of grave concern around this time last year. My government has
taken proactive steps and prices of pulses are now under control. To
ensure fair price for farmers and to protect consumers, a buffer stock
of 20 lakh tonnes of pulses has been envisaged against which 8 lakh
tonnes of pulses have already been procured.
22. My government is making Nari Shakti an integral part of our
development journey. Our women deserve equal opportunity. The Rio
Olympics, where we took great pride in the performance of P.V. Sindhu,
Sakshi Malik, Deepa Karmakar and others, illustrates the strength of our
women. Women are being inducted in combat streams of our Armed Forces.
The nation is proud of its first three women fighter pilots. This
reminds us of what we can achieve, as a nation, if women are fully
empowered, and if their skills and talent are optimally utilised.
23. The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme that addresses the issue of
declining Child Sex Ratio, is yielding encouraging results. Under the
Sukanya Samridhi Yojana, launched with an objective of ensuring a secure
future to our girl child, over one crore accounts have been opened and
an amount of over Rs. eleven thousand crore has been deposited. The
Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan will provide comprehensive
ante-natal care by a qualified medical practitioner to all pregnant
women. The revision of Maternity Benefit Act and enhancement of
maternity leave from 12 weeks to 26 weeks will support pregnant women at
24. 65 percent of our population today is below the age of 35. Our youth
is our greatest strength and yuva urja needs to be effectively
channelised. With the motto of “Har Haath ko Hunar”, my government has
taken several steps for skilling the youth and improving their
employability. The work of skill development, that was earlier spread
across 21 ministries and 50 departments, has been brought under one
umbrella Ministry. The Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana has been
launched with a budget outlay of Rs. Twelve thousand crore, to train One
crore youth over the next four years. Over 20 lakh youth have already
benefited. National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme has been launched
with a budget outlay of Rs. Ten thousand crore. 978 employment exchanges
spread across the country have been integrated as part of the National
Career Service Portal.
25. My Government has opened new avenues and made higher technical
education more accessible to students from economically weaker sections.
For the first time, ITI trainees have been provided with academic
equivalence at matriculation and higher secondary level through bridge
courses to enable them to pursue higher education. With the objective of
providing training of international standards to youth, a nation-wide
network of 50 India International Skill Centres is being established.
The Pradhan Mantri YUVA Yojana has been launched for promoting
entrepreneurship education and training amongst 7 lakh students.
26. My government has announced a package of Rs. Six thousand crore to
boost employment generation and exports in the apparel and made-ups
sector. This package is expected to generate over 1.1 crore jobs, mostly
27. Shram-eva jayate (श्रमेव जयते) is one of the foremost guiding
principles of my government and several measures have been taken for the
welfare of the shramik. For the first time ever, minimum wages have been
increased by 42 percent in both agricultural and non-agricultural
sectors. For bonus coverage, the calculation ceiling limit has been
doubled to Rs. Seven thousand, and the eligibility limit increased from
Rs. Ten thousand to Rs. Twenty One thousand. This will directly benefit
an additional 55 lakh workers. The Universal Account Number has ensured
portability of EPF accounts and has safeguarded the interest of crores
28. Workers employed in the informal sector will benefit the most from
my Government’s decision to enable employers to pay wages to their
employees through banks. This will increase compliance of payment of
minimum wages. It shall ensure that workers in the unorganized sector
also enjoy health benefits under Employees State Insurance Corporation
and social security through Provident Fund.
29. Implementation of the 7th Pay Commission has benefited 50 lakh
employees and 35 lakh pensioners. To protect senior citizens from the
impact of interest-rate fluctuations, interest rate for senior citizens
has been fixed at 8 percent payable monthly for a period of 10 years.
30. Social and economic equality for the deprived and disempowered
sections is the first promise of our constitution. My government is
committed to fulfil this promise.
31. Through the Stand-up India initiative, my government plans to
empower over two and a half lakh Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and
women entrepreneurs. For promoting entrepreneurship, the National
Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes Hub has been launched, with an initial
allocation of Rs. 490 crore.
32. Under the Forest Rights Act, about 16.5 lakh Individual Forest
Rights titles have been granted over an area of 55.4 lakh acres of
forest land. Further, Community Forest Rights titles have been
distributed over an area of about 47 lakh acres of forest land.
33. The location of our mineral wealth largely coincides with tribal
habitations in our country. The Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan
Yojana will serve the dual purpose of ensuring sustainable mining
activity as well as local area development for the betterment of the
tribals and the poor inhabitants in the mining areas. District Mineral
Foundation is a novel initiative in this regard.
34. My government has increased the allocation under the Tribal
sub-plan. Fourteen different sectors have been identified under the
Vanbandhu Kalyan Yojana for the empowerment of tribals. 100 out of the
300 clusters envisaged under the Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban Mission,
will be developed in tribal areas.
35. The success of the Indian cricket team at the World cup for the
Blind, 2014 and the Indian Paralympics contingent at Rio 2016
demonstrates that our Divyang jan can scale great heights, if afforded
an opportunity. My Government is committed to providing the Divyang jan
equal opportunities for development. Besides increasing the percentage
of reservation for Divyang jan from 3 to 4 percent in government jobs,
my government has accelerated filling up of backlog vacancies. Over 6
lakh Divyang jan have so far benefitted from 4700 special assistance
camps organised across the country since May 2014.
36. The Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan is improving accessibility for the
Divyang jan at public places. For the first time, Speech and Language
Disability, and Specific Learning Disability have been included in The
Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016. A common sign language is
being developed for the entire country. The Niramaya Swasthya Bima
Yojana provides Divyang jan affected by autism, cerebral palsy, mental
retardation, and those with multiple disabilities, a health insurance
cover of up to One lakh rupees.
37. Like the strings of sitar, which produce different notes but come
together to create a beautiful melody, people professing different
faiths and religions constitute the spirit of India and contribute to
the strength of the nation. The courage and sacrifice of Baba Banda
Singh Bahadur, whose 300th martyrdom anniversary we observe this year;
and the spirit of selfless service of Mother Teresa, who was cannonised
recently, inspire us in equal measure. My government has taken several
measures to ensure that the aspirations of people from all communities
are fulfilled, and a more focussed approach has been taken towards
inclusive development of the notified minority communities, namely
Muslims, Christians, Buddhists, Sikhs, Parsis and Jains. While
scholarship and fellowship schemes have encouraged their educational
empowerment; skill development schemes like Seekho aur kamao, Usttad and
Nai Manzil have enabled their economic empowerment.
38. Just as all the drops of rainwater and streams converge in an ocean,
all the policies of my government converge for the welfare of the poor,
deprived and the underprivileged. From giving house to the shelter less
to electrifying un-electrified villages, from giving free LPG
connections to supplying LED bulbs to the poor, from Jan Dhan to Jan
Suraksha, from making available affordable health care to providing
quality education to the poor --- central to all the policies of my
government is the welfare of the poor.
39. Balanced and equitable development of all regions is vital to
India's progress. Under its proactive "Act East" policy, my government
is focussing on reducing the isolation of the Eastern region and
North-east by improving connectivity through road, rail, air, telecom,
power and waterways.
40. My Government has started the Pradhan Mantri Urja Ganga with the
execution of Two Thousand Five Hundred kilometres long
Jagdishpur-Haldia-Bokaro-Dhamra Natural Gas Pipeline Project. With an
investment of around Rs. Twelve thousand Five hundred crore, this
project will cater to energy requirements of five states, covering 40
districts and 2,600 villages. This project will also lead to the revival
of three large fertilizer plants, industrialization of more than 20
cities and city gas network development in 7 cities.
41. My Government sees the North Eastern states as the Ashtalakshmi that
can take India to new heights. The North East is the gateway to South
East Asia. We are opening up road and rail routes to our neighbouring
countries to boost the economic development of the region.
42. To ensure unhindered support and development of North Eastern
states, my government is continuing with the special dispensation in the
assistance pattern to the North-eastern states, and is providing
assistance in the ratio of 90:10 for core central schemes and 80:20 for
non-core schemes to these states.
43. By the end of the year, all Meter-Gauge tracks in the north-eastern
states will be converted to Broad-Gauge. The railways have undertaken a
major expansion in the region at a cost of around Rs. Ten thousand crore.
Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya have been put on the rail map, Agartala
in Tripura has been connected with broad gauge line.
44. The Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited and Numaligarh Refinery
Limited’s wax unit are big projects that will create huge employment
opportunities in the North East region. The Government has approved
North East BPO promotion scheme in the Digital India programme for
creation of employment opportunities.
45. The beauty and diversity of the North East makes it a natural hub
for tourism. The Ministry of Tourism has identified a thematic circuit
for the North East region.
46. My government has provided special financial assistance to mitigate
the damages caused by unprecedented floods in the hilly and other areas
of the country.
47. From highways to i-ways; from railways to waterways; from seaports
to airports; from water pipelines to gas pipelines, from earth sciences
to satellites, from rural infrastructure to smart cities, creation of
vital next-generation infrastructure has received special attention of
48. For modernization of Railways, the highest-ever capital outlay of Rs.
1.21 lakh crore has been provided. My government aims to connect all
rural habitations with all weather roads. 73,000 kilometres of road has
been built so far in rural areas. More than five thousand kilometres of
roads in 44 Left Wing Extremism affected districts are being upgraded.
The National Civil Aviation Policy, will give a major boost to air
connectivity in the smaller cities and towns. Under the BharatNet
Project, Optical Fibre Cables now cover over 75,700 Gram Panchayats, up
from only 59 in May 2014.
49. India has launched 8 operational missions covering meteorological,
navigation, and earth observation and communication satellites. ISRO
completed the seven-satellite constellation of Indian Regional
Navigational Satellite Systems, NaviC (नाविक). ISRO added another
feather to its cap this year by successfully launching 20 satellites in
a highest-ever single launch.
50. My government is committed to optimally harness our marine wealth
and give a new impetus to ocean-led development. Under the Sagarmala
programme on port-led development, a total of 199 projects with an
outlay of over Rs. Three lakh crore have been identified for
implementation in the next three years. Of these, projects of more than
Rs. One lakh crore are already under implementation. The seas
surrounding the Indian Peninsula contain One thousand Three hundred and
Eighty Two of our islands, out of which, to begin with, 26 have been
earmarked for integrated development. The Blue Economy, with focus on
sustainable development of fisheries will continue to receive our
51. As a reaffirmation of our commitment to clean energy, my government
has taken giant strides in increasing our renewable energy capacity to
47 Giga Watts so far, against our target of 175 Giga Watts.
52. Placing fresh impetus on rural infrastructure, untied financial
resources of over Rs. Two lakh crore are being transferred to Gram
Panchayats during 2015-20. The allocation to Mahatma Gandhi National
Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme in 2016-17 has been over Rs. Forty
Seven thousand crore which is the highest ever since the inception of
the programme and the focus is now on creation of durable assets and
53. Giving a major boost to creation of urban infrastructure, annual
action plan for 500 cities with an outlay of Rs. Fifty thousand crore
has been approved. Metro Rail Projects have been sanctioned for four
cities including Ahmedabad, Nagpur and Pune, and an extension of Chennai
Metro has also been approved.
54. My Government has taken bold decisions in the interest of the poor.
55. To combat the evils of black-money, corruption, counterfeit currency
and terror financing, my government took the decision on 8th November,
2016 to demonetize old five hundred and one thousand rupee currency
notes. My Government’s very first cabinet decision was to set up an SIT
on black-money. The passing of Black Money (Undisclosed Foreign Income
and Assets) and Imposition of Tax Act, 2015, Benami Transactions
(Prohibition) Amendment Act, 2016, amendments to treaties with
Singapore, Cyprus and Mauritius to prevent misuse of provisions in such
treaties for tax evasion and movement of black-money in India and the
Taxation Amendment Act providing for Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana,
have together resulted in a comprehensive policy backed initiative
56. The four-decade old demand of one-rank-one-pension (OROP) of our
Armed Forces veterans has been fulfilled. The total financial
implications would be around Rs. Eleven thousand crore. More than Rs.
Six thousand Two hundred crore have been released in two tranches
benefiting over 19.6 lakh veterans.
57. My government has taken decisive steps to give a fitting reply to
the repeated incursions on our territorial sovereignty. On 29th
September 2016 our defence forces successfully conducted surgical
strikes at several launch pads along the Line of Control to prevent
infiltration by terrorists. We are proud of the exemplary courage and
valour displayed by our defence personnel and owe a debt of the
gratitude to them.
58. Transforming the culture of governance, my Government has simplified
procedures, repealed obsolete laws and eliminated scope for corruption.
59. The Direct Benefit Transfer programme of subsidies through the Jan
Dhan-Aadhaar-Mobile (JAM) Trinity has prevented leakages and helped save
Rs Thirty Six thousand crore. PAHAL is the world’s largest cash benefit
transfer scheme that has saved over Rs. Twenty One thousand crore in two
years. Digidhan Abhiyaan and Two lakh Common Service Centres are
providing employment to over 5 lakh youth, and spreading digital
60. The launch of mobile app - BHIM - Bharat Interface for Money - is a
tribute to the vision of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar who sought economic
empowerment of the poorest. Within a few days, it has become one of the
most popular mobile app-based payment mechanisms in the country. The
biometric AADHAAR Payment system to be launched soon will usher a
technological revolution in India.
61. Coal block and spectrum auctions illustrate the highest standards of
transparency set by my government in allocation of natural resources. To
carry this forward, government procurements have been brought under a
single platform - Government eMarket Place (GeM).
62. The process of recruitment to government jobs has been made simpler
and transparent by dispensing with interviews for recruitments to over
Thirty Four lakh non-gazetted posts. The process of appointments to
senior positions in government has also been streamlined and is guided
solely by objectivity, merit and integrity.
63. Over Eleven hundred obsolete laws have been repealed and 400 more
are in the process of being repealed. Legislations relating to Women,
Divyang jan, Labour, Apprentices, Factories, Benami Transactions,
Aadhaar and Real Estate, to mention a few - mirrors my Government's
guiding philosophy of Transparency, and Social Justice.
64. Frequent elections put on hold development programmes, disrupt
normal public life, and impact essential services and burden human
resource with prolonged periods of election duty. My government welcomes
a constructive debate on simultaneous conduct of elections to Lok Sabha
and the State Legislative Assemblies. Funding of elections to eradicate
the misuse of money power also needs to be debated. My Government would
welcome any decision taken by the Election Commission in this regard
after consultations with political parties.
65. Celebrating the cultural diversity along with the richness of
language and heritage of every state, my government has started the Ek
Bharat Shrestha Bharat programme. The uniqueness of this programme is to
pair and entwine two different states with diverse cultures for over a
year so that each state can assimilate the cultural spirit of the other.
66. Taking forward the concept of cooperative federalism through One
nation-One tax and One nation-One market, both Houses of Parliament
passed the Goods and Services Tax Act. 17 states governed by political
parties across the political spectrum ratified this in a record 23 days.
My Government is thankful to the GST Council for working to resolve
67. India has been widely acclaimed as a bright spot in the global
economy, at a time when global growth has been slow. The rate of
inflation, the balance of payments, current account deficit and the
fiscal deficit have been consistently reduced since 2014. Foreign Direct
Investment and foreign exchange reserves have reached record levels. The
country's macroeconomic fundamentals are very strong, creating a
platform for sustained high growth.
68. FDI inflows in 2015-16 were US $ 55.6 billion, the highest-ever for
any financial year.My Government further liberalized FDI policy
provisions in various sectors in June 2016.
69. My Government is closely working with the State Governments to
identify constraints in doing business. The rankings of the States/UTs
show that the national implementation average of reforms stands at
around 49 percent, much higher than last year’s 32 percent. India is
ranked third in the list of top prospective host economies for 2016-18
in the World Investment Report 2016 released by UNCTAD (अंकटाड).
70. India has been facing the grave challenge of terrorism for the last
four decades. Terrorism poses a serious danger to the global community.
India will actively collaborate with other nations in decisively
defeating these forces. My government is committed to combating
terrorism, and to ensure that the perpetrators of such acts are brought
71. The State of Jammu and Kashmir has been affected by terrorism
sponsored and supported from across the border. The attempts of
infiltration, incidents of terrorist violence and loss of precious lives
of civilians and security personnel remain a cause of grave concern.
72. There has been considerable success in containing Left Wing
Extremism over the last three years, with the surrender of over 2600
extremists. The security situation in the North Eastern states has also
shown significant improvement.
73. My Government, committed to the philosophy of partnerships for peace
and progress, continues its active diplomacy aimed at facilitating
national development, enhancing our security, and ensuring greater
Indian influence in global fora.
74. The intensity of our international engagements has helped us shape a
diverse and purposeful agenda with our global partners. There has been a
consolidation of relations with friendly countries and major powers. The
common desire of the South Asian region for greater prosperity and
development led most of its nations to make common cause in their
opposition to terrorism. Membership of the Missile Technology Control
Regime (MTCR) and signing of the Memorandum of Obligations of the
Shanghai Cooperation Organisation were further reflections of India’s
growing and multi-dimensional role in global affairs.
75. India hosted the eighth BRICS Summit at Goa with its BIMSTEC
outreach, and the sixth Heart of Asia Conference at Amritsar, marking
important contributions to our regional and pluri-lateral outreach.
India hosted a three day Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk
Reduction in Delhi, in which more than 50 Asian and Pacific countries
76. There are over Thirty million Overseas Indians, settled in almost
every corner of the world. They continue to make invaluable
contributions to Indian society and economy. My government will maximize
the strengths of Indian diaspora in nation building and for deepening
our global outreach.
77. Realising the importance of developing tourism, my Government has
approved the new e-VISA policy and expanded the scope of e-tourist visa
to include purposes such as short-term medical treatment and business
trips. 161 countries are now covered under e-VISA. With over 88 lakh
foreign tourist arrivals in 2016, tourism sector has shown a growth rate
of over 10 percent.
78. India ratified the Paris agreement on 2nd October 2016, thereby
sending a strong message of our commitment to combating climate change
with focus on climate justice and sustainable lifestyle. The United
Nations Environment Programme has recognized India as one of the
countries on track in achieving its voluntary goals. 25 nations have
signed the Framework Agreement of International Solar Alliance, the
first treaty based organisation initiated by India.
79. Indians today have a deep sense of pride in the awakening of India
caused by the momentous steps my government has undertaken. Our fellow
citizens have exhibited great solidarity with our endeavours in
transforming India. My government reiterates its commitment to fulfil
the aspirations of our citizens. The Vision of Mahatma Gandhi and other
founding fathers lays down a great path for a resurgent India. This path
is of debate, discussion, accommodation and understanding. It is the
rich tradition of Samvaad, Samanvay and Samvedna that will continue to
guide the spirit of our nation building.
80. We gather here today to redeem the trust reposed by our countrymen,
particularly the poor, in the sacred Institution of Parliament. Every
action of ours, in this temple of democracy must be an offering at the
altar of the innumerable sacrifices that have built this nation. Let us
work towards a common future, seeded in the promise of Sabka Saath Sabka
Vikas, that will bring to all the equality and dignity enshrined in our