A Government appointed
Panel has recommended necessary legal and policy framework to protect
the interests of the migrants in the country, stating that the migrant
populationmakes substantial contribution to economic growth and their
Constitutional rights need to be secured.
The ‘Working Group on Migration’ set by the Ministry of Housing & Urban
Poverty Alleviationin 2015 who submitted their Report to the Government
today held extensive discussions with Minister of HUPA Shri M.Venkaiah
The Working Group has recommended that the Protocols of the Registrar
General of India needs to be amended to enable caste based enumeration
of migrants so that they can avail the attendant benefits in the States
to which migration takes place. It also recommended that migrants should
be enabled to avail benefits of Public Distribution System (PDS) in the
destination State by providing for inter-State operability of PDS.
Referring to Constitutional Right of Freedom of Movement and residence
in any part of the territory of the country, the Group suggested that
States should be encouraged to proactively eliminate the requirement of
domicile status to prevent any discrimination in work and employment.
States are also to be asked to include migrant children in the Annual
Work Plans under Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA) to uphold their Right to
Noting that money remittances of migrants was of the order of Rs.50,000
cr during 2007-08, the Working Group suggested that the vast network of
post offices need to be made effective use of by reducing the cost of
transfer of money to avoid informal remittences. It also suggested that
migrants should be enabled to open bank accounts by asking banks to
adhere to RBI guidelines regarding Know Your Customer (KYC) norms and
not insist on documents that were not required.
The Group suggested that the hugely underutilized Construction Workers
Welfare Cess Fund should be used to promote rental housing, working
Women Hostels etc., for the benefit of migrants.
Quoting data of Census 2011 and National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO),
the Group stated that migrants constitute about 30% of the country’s
population and also of the total working force.
The recent Economic Survey noted that annual migration in the country
increased from 3.30 million in 2011 to 9.00 million in 2016.
Shri Venkaiah Naidu asked the Ministry officials to all concerned
Ministries for comments and for taking necessary action.
The 18-member Working Group headed by Shri Partha Mukhopadhay of the
Centre for Policy Research has representatives of Ministries of Home,
HUPA, Labour and Employment, Urban Development, Rural Development, Women
& Child Development, Social Justice & Empowerment, Statistics &
Programme Implementation, NITI Ayog, Registrar General of India, UNESCO,
TATA Trust, Indian Institute for Human Settlements, Indira Gandhi
Institute of Development Research as members.