Ministry of Health &
Family Welfare, through the International Institute for Population
Sciences, Mumbai, has conducted National Family Health Survey 4 (NFHS-4)
2015-16. As per the Survey, in the age group of 15-49 years, 8.0% of men
and 5.8% of women in India have high random blood sugar levels and 13.6%
men and 8.8% women are hypertensive.
World Health Organization (WHO) has been part of several consultations
on preparation and control of NCDs including Diabetes and Hypertension.
Government of India has launched the National Programme for Prevention
and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS)
which is implemented for interventions up to District level under the
National Health Mission. NPCDCS has a focus on awareness generation for
behaviour and life-style changes, screening and early diagnosis of
persons with high level of risk factors and there treatment and referral
(if required) to higher facilities for appropriate management for those
Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) including diabetes and hypertension.
Government of India has also initiated a programme on population level
screening of Common Non-Communicable Diseases such as Diabetes,
Hypertension and Common Cancers viz. Oral, Breast and Cervical Cancer.
Under this programme, the frontline health workers such as ASHAs and
ANMs, inter alia, are being leveraged to carry out screening and
generate awareness about the risk factors of NCDs among the masses.
India is the first country globally to adopt the NCD Global Monitoring
Framework and Action Plan to its National Context. The Framework
includes a set of nine voluntary targets and 25 indicators which can be
applied across regional and country settings. The framework elements
include halting the rise in obesity and diabetes prevalence, reduction
in alcohol use and promotion of physical activity.
The Central Government, through its hospitals, augments the efforts of
the State Governments for providing health services in the country.
Under PMSSY 6 new AIIMS have been made operational. Upgradation of
identified Government medical colleges/institutions, for higher
speciality facilities has been undertaken. All these will augment
facilities for prevention, control and treatment of Diabetes,
Hypertension and Heart Disease.
Since 2015-16, funds are being released to the States under NCD
flexipool for the NCD programmes such as NPCDCS to give more flexibility
to the States. Rs. 75.67 crore, 210 crore were released to the States
under NPCDCS under NHM in 2013-14, 2014-15 while Rs. 379 crore were
released in 2015-16 under NCD flexipool under NHM.
The Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), Smt Anupriya Patel
stated this in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha here today.