The Union Cabinet
chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the
amendment to Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE)
Act, 2009. This will ensure that all teachers, in position as on 31st
March, 2015, acquire the minimum qualifications prescribed by the
academic authority to extend the period for such training for four years
up to 31st March, 2019.
This will enable the in-service untrained elementary teachers to
complete their training and ensure that all teachers at the elementary
level in the country have a certain minimum standard of qualifications.
This would also ensure that all Teachers would attain minimum
qualifications as considered necessary to maintain the standard of
teaching quality. This would ultimately result in improvement in overall
quality of teachers, teaching processes and consequently learning
outcomes of children. This will reinforce the Government's emphasis on
improvement of quality of elementary education.
The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009,
is effective from 1st April, 2010. It envisages free and compulsory
elementary education to every child in the age group of 6-14 years. The
Proviso to Section 23(2) of the Act specifies that all teachers at
elementary level who, at the commencement of this Act, did not possess
the minimum qualifications as laid down under the RTE Act, need to
acquire these within a period of five years i.e., 31st March, 2015.
However, several State governments have reported that out of a total
number of 66.41 lakh teachers at the elementary level, 11.00 lakh are
still untrained (of this, 5.12 lakh are in Government and Aided Schools
and 5.98 lakh are in private schools). In order to ensure that all
teachers, in position as on 31st March, 2015, acquire the minimum
qualifications prescribed by the academic authority, it is necessary to
carry out appropriate amendment in the RTE Act, 2009 to extend the
period for such training for four years up to 31st March, 2019.