There are multiple
factors including lifestyles that influence the burden of disease. The
burden of communicable diseases has been declining. The focus of the
Government is to provide accessible, affordable and accountable quality
healthcare facilities to all sections of society especially the
marginalized sections in the country.
While there are multiple challenges, the availability of Primary Health
Centres, human resources, number of medical colleges and medical seats,
have been improving.
Public health and hospitals being a State subject, the primary
responsibility to address healthcare challenges is that of State
Governments. However, under National Health Mission (NHM), financial and
technical support is provided to States/UTs to strengthen their
healthcare systems including support for strengthening health
infrastructure, deployment of medical personnel, ASHAs, creating
awareness about health issues and lifestyles, and support movement
towards Universal Health Coverage.
The Central Government has enacted the Clinical Establishment
(Registration and Regulation) Act, 2010 and also notified Clinical
Establishments Rules 2012 to provide a legislative framework for the
registration and regulation of clinical establishments in the country
and also seeks to improve the quality health services by prescribing
minimum standards of facilities and services which may be provided.
The Government has also taken steps for strengthening and upgrading
district hospitals and making available tertiary health care services in
the public sector through strengthening of hospitals, establishment of
AIIMS institutions in the States and up-gradation of existing Government
medical colleges across the country.
With regard to increasing awareness about the health issues, the
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare regularly releases print
advertisement and TV and radio spots in National/regional media for
generating awareness among population about various Health and Family
Welfare issues and programmes of Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
These include Mission Indradhanush, World Health Day, World No Tobacco
Day, Yoga Day, Intensified Diarrhoea Control Fortnight, World Population
Day, Breastfeeding, Tuberculosis, etc.
The Government has formulated the National Health Policy 2017 which has
laid emphasis on the role of the Government in regulation, governance,
and quality assurance, healthcare infrastructure and in leveraging
information technology. The policy also envisages raising public health
expenditure to 2.5% of the GDP in a time bound manner.
The Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), SmtAnupriya Patel
stated this in a written reply in the Lok Sabha here today.