The Central Government
has developed student assessment system called the National Achievement
Survey (NAS), which is independently conducted by National Council of
Educational Research and Training (NCERT) across the country. The NAS is
conducted for classes III, V, VIII & X. However, a non-governmental
organization also conducts annual achievement surveys released in the
Annual Status of Education Report (ASER). It is a household survey
limited to rural areas of the country. As per their report of 2016,
there has been improvement in terms of learning outcomes. The Department
of School Education & Literacy, Ministry of Human Resource Development
was not associated with this ASER 2016 survey.
Some of the major findings of the ASER, 2016 are summarised as follows:
i. In almost all states there is some improvement in the arithmetic
levels of children enrolled in government schools in Std III.
ii. From 2014 to 2016, for Std V children, the level of arithmetic as
measured by children's ability to do simple division problems has
remained almost the same at 26%.
iii. In comparison, in 2016, 24.5% of children enrolled in Std V could
read simple English sentences. This number is virtually unchanged since
The Central Government through a centrally funded programme, Sarva
Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), financially supports State and UT Governments to
address gaps and challenges in ensuring quality education to children in
elementary classes through recruitment of additional teachers to improve
the Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR), regular annual-in- service teacher
training to all teachers to update their skills and knowledge, support
for Computer Aided Learning at upper primary level and regular academic
support through Block Resource Centres and Cluster Resource Centres.
Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat, a sub-programme under SSA has been launched
to enhance the quality of foundational learning in languages and early
mathematics in classes I and II and a focused programme for Science and
Maths at upper primary level under SSA is also being supported. In order
to focus on quality education, the Central RTE Rules have been amended
on 20th February, 2017 to include reference on class-wise, subject-wise
Learning Outcomes. The Learning Outcomes for each class in Languages
(Hindi, English and Urdu), Mathematics, Environmental Studies, Science
and Social Science up to the elementary stage have, accordingly, been
finalized and shared with all States and UTs. These would serve as a
guideline for States and UTs to ensure that all children acquire
appropriate learning level.
In order to provide quality education to students at the secondary
level, various interventions are funded under the Rashtriya Madhyamik
Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), a Centrally Sponsored Scheme. These include
provision for: (i) Appointment of 1 head teacher and 5 teachers (2
language teachers, 1 science teacher, 1 social science and 1 maths
teacher) for every new/upgraded secondary school, (ii) additional
teachers to improve Pupil Teacher Ratio, (iii) induction and in-service
training for Principals, Teachers , Master Trainers and Key Resource
Persons, (iv) Maths and Science kits, (v) Lab equipments, (vi) Special
teaching for learning enhancement, (vii) ICT facilities in schools,
(viii) introduction of vocational education component at the secondary
level and (ix) activities under ‘Unnati’ project for improvement in
English language skills.
This information was given by the Minister of State (HRD), Shri Upendra
Kushwaha today in a written reply to a Lok Sabha question.