ISRO and Jet Propulsion
Laboratory (JPL)/ NASA are jointly working on the development of Dual
Frequency (L & S band) Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging Satellite named
as NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR). The L-band SAR is being
developed by JPL/NASA, while ISRO is developing S-band SAR. The L & S
band microwave data obtained from this satellite will be useful for
variety of application, which include natural resources mapping &
monitoring; estimating agricultural biomass over full duration of crop
cycle; assessing soil moisture; monitoring of floods and oil slicks;
coastal erosion, coastline changes & variation of winds in coastal
waters; assessment of mangroves; surface deformation studies, ice sheet
collapses & dynamics etc.
The data obtained from NISAR mission is not meant for building climate
resilience. However, the data acquired from this mission will be useful
in developing certain applications, which include - (i) identifying
crevasses in the glaciers hidden by fresh snow, where human movement
takes place, (ii) identifying the snowpack parameters as an input in
Avalanche forecasts, (iii) studying Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOF)
hazards, (iv) identifying inundated area due to floods/ cyclones. These
applications could help in taking measures to minimize loss of human
As per the information received, Indian Institute of Tropical
Meteorology (IITM) under Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) has been
working with National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
to develop high resolution seasonal and long-term climate forecasts.
During 2010 to 2015, IITM and NOAA together developed high resolution
Models for seasonal climate predictions of Indian Summer Monsoon and
long term climate forecasts under a Memorandum of Understanding.
Extension of this MoU till 2020 to further pursue such studies is under
This information was provided by the Union Minister of State
(Independent Charge) Development of North-Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS
PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space,
Dr Jitendra Singh in written reply to a question in Lok Sabha today.