The twelve major ports
under the Ministry of Shipping handled a record 647.43 MT of traffic in
2016-17, registering an annual growth rate of 6.79 percent, as against
4.32 percent last year. With this, these ports have out- performed
private ports for the second consecutive year. The private ports have
registered a traffic growth rate of 4 percent this year.
The top position in cargo handling was retained by Kandla Port that
handled 105.44 Million Tonnes of cargo, registering a growth of 5.39%
over last year. This was followed by Paradip Port with 88.95 Million
Tonnes of cargo handled, and an impressive growth rate of 16.45%. Mumbai
Port holds the third position with 63.05 Million Tonnes of cargo handled
and growth rate of 3.17%.JNPT recorded highest ever handling of 4.50
million TEUs during 2016-17. The port owned terminal, JNPCT, achieved
highest ever handling of 1.53 million TEUs during the year, registering
a growth rate of 7.33%.
Iron-ore traffic attained the highest growth rate of 163.67%. Other
miscellaneous and general cargo grew by 18.53% and POL products by
In terms of Operating Surplus too, the Major Ports have shown highest
ever achievement in 2016-17. JNPT net surplus has crossed Rs. 1300
crores as against Rs. 1091 crores of 2015-16. Kandla Port posted its
highest ever net surplus of Rs. 651 crores during 2016-17, an increase
of 54.4% over last year’s profit of Rs 422 crores.
For the first time ever, JNPT raised Foreign Denominated Loan of US $400
million . It became the first major port to raise foreign currency
loans. Kamarajar Port Limited (Ennore) is also in the process of raising
USD $100 million foreign currency loan. This mode of financing at low
interest rates and natural hedging has been followed in the Major ports
for their infrastructure development for the first time.
The major ports have also recorded the highest ever capacity addition of
100.37 Million Tonnes (MT during 2016-17. The capacity of major ports
during 2015-16 was 965.36 MTPA. This crossed 1065 MTPA during 2016-17.
In respect of development of port infrastructure, 56 projects have been
awarded with a capacity of 103.52 MTPA against a target of 102 MTPA with
an investment of Rs. 9490.51 crores during 2016-17.
The efficiency indicators in major ports are also improving steadily.
During 2016-17, total turn-around time came down to 3.44 days as against
3.64 days during last year. Likewise, Average Output Per Ship Berthday
has gone up to 14583 tonnes as against 13748 tonnes during last year.
Major Ports have been benchmarked to international standards. 116
initiatives were identified. Out of these, 70 initiatives have been
implemented and remaining will be implemented by 2019. This has resulted
in unlocking 80 MTPA capacity. Implementation of these initiatives would
further improve the efficiency & productivity of the Major Ports.
Mumbai Port has become Home Port for cruise tourism. Asia’s largest
passenger ship ‘Genting Dream’ with a capacity of 3,400 guests anchored
at Mumbai Port on 29th October, 2016. The ship also ferried 1,900
passengers from Mumbai to Singapore via Colombo. 51 cruise vessels have
called at Mumbai Port during 2016-17. A total number of 158 Cruise
vessels anchored at 5 Major Ports during 2016-17, registering an
increase of 23% over 2015-16.
In addition to the outstanding performance of the ports, the Ministry
has taken several initiatives. The dredging of Mumbai Channel and JNPT
Channel phase – II has been awarded to increase draft upto 15 meters at
an estimated cost of Rs. 1963.17 crore. Smart Port Industrial Cities are
being developed at Paradip and Kandla, Master Plans for which have been
finalised. Multi Modal Logistic Park is being set up in Paradip.
The Ministry of Shipping has initiated several Policy during the year .
The New Captive Policy guidelines were issued in July, 2016 to ensure
uniformity and transparency in the procedure for awarding captive
facilities in the ports. This will allow concessionaire to handle non
captive cargo upto 30% of the designed capacity of the berth.
The New Berthing Policy came into effect from August, 2016. This policy
provides standardized framework for calculation of norms, specific to
the commodity handled and infrastructure available on the berth. This
will improve the efficiency at ports and productivity norms across
The New Stevedoring Policy has been implemented since July, 2016. This
will improve productivity, efficiency and safety in the ports.
The existing Model Concession Agreement of 2008 is under process of
revision which will address the concerns of PPP projects and prevent
them from getting stressed.
The Major Port Authorities Bill has been introduced in the Lok Sabha in
December, 2016 to modernize the institutional structure of the ports to
usher in professional governance in the ports.
For port-wise details and comparison of performance during 2015-16 and
2016-17 click the link below.